Providence, Rhode Island’s Fox Point Hurricane Gates are a valuable protection against storm surges and the city’s first line of defense. Built in response to the 1938 and 1954 Hurricane disasters, when Providence experienced flooding of up to eight feet, Fox Point has served the city well through several smaller hurricanes. The question, especially given what happened to New Orleans last year is: Should the gates be upgraded and replaced?
Chalchinsky, Josh, "The Providence hurricane barrier: an assessment" (2006). Macro Center Working Papers. Paper 29.