Popular cultures in Western societies have long espoused the notion that phases of the moon influence human behavior. In particular, there is a common belief the full moon increases incidents of aberrant, deviant, and criminal behavior. Using police, astronomical, and weather data from a major southwestern American city, this study assessed whether lunar cycles related with rates of reported crime. The findings fail to support popular lore, which has suggested that lunar phase influenced the volume of crime reported to the police. Future research directions examining qualitative rather than quantitative aspects of this problem may yield further inform the understanding of whether lunar cycles appreciably influence demands for policing services.
Schafer, Joseph. A., Sean P. Varano, John P. Jarvis, and Jeffrey M. Cancino. 2010." Bad moon on the rise? Lunar cycles and incidents of crime." Journal of Criminal Justice 38 (4): 359-367.