Document Type



Bachelor of Arts in English


Cynthia Scheinberg, Ph.D.


As a queer woman in Victorian England Amv Levy (1861-1889) exhibits both a strong portrayal of queer Identity and an understanding of Victorian culture’s deeply heteronormative biases. This strong portrayal is still often invisible to 21st century readers because of Levy’s deft use of coding. This thesis exposes her skill in crafting settings, implied context, ambiguous pronouns, and subtle undermining of heterosexual expectations. Reclaiming Levy’s deft portrayal of queer own identity is important for both literary scholars and everyday readers because it demonstrates that these identities are not new, while also highlighting the persistent historical struggle to represent gender identity from within cultures actively attempting to silence those identities.