Symbiotic survey of the bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) from the Gulf coast of Florida, USA
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
The bay scallop Argopecten irradians supported a commercial fishery in Florida but their population declined and the fishery closed in 1994. A recreational fishery remains open along the west coast of Florida despite continued threats from overfishing and a changing environment. Disease is among those threats, as it is for bivalve fisheries globally. We examined the relationship between bay scallop population density, its symbiotic microbiome, and geographic location. We focused on three sites within the range of Florida's recreational scallop fishery: St. Joseph Bay (northern extent), offshore of the Steinhatchee River (central), and offshore of Hernando County (southern extent). The study was conducted prior to the seasonal opening of the fishery to minimize the impact of fishing on our results. We also sampled caged scallops that are used for restocking in St. Joseph Bay to assess the effect of artificially high density and confinement on the scallop pathobiome. Using a combination of traditional histological methods, molecular diagnostics, and metagenomics, a suite of 15 symbionts were identified. Among them, RNA-seq data revealed four novel + ssRNA viral genomes: three picorna-like viruses and one hepe-like virus. The DNA-seq library revealed a novel Mycoplasma species. Histological evaluation revealed that protozoan, helminth and crustacean infections were common in A. irradians. These potential pathogens add to those already known for A. irradians and underscores the risk they pose to the fishery.
Scro, A., Bojko, J., & Behringer, D. (2023). Symbiotic survey of the bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) from the Gulf coast of Florida, USA. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 201 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2023.108019