A Simple Microfluidic Assay for the Detection of Ligation Product
Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy
We present a novel microfluidic-based approach to detect ligation products. The conformal specificity of ligases is used in various molecular assays to detect point mutations. Traditional methods of detecting ligation products include denaturing gel electrophoresis, sequence amplification, and melting curve analysis. Gel electrophoresis is a labor- and time-intensive process, while sequence amplification and melting curve analysis require instruments capable of accurate thermal ramping and sensitive optical detection. Microfluidics has been widely applied in genomics, proteomics, and cell cytometry to enable rapid and automated assays. We designed an assay that fluorogenically detects ligation products following a simple magnetic separation through a microfluidic channel. 100 nM of synthetic HIV-1 K103N minority mutant templates were successfully detected in 30 min. This simple and rapid method can be coupled with any ligation assay for the detection of ligation products.
Zhang, L., Wang, J., Roebelen, J., & Tripathi, A. (2015). A Simple Microfluidic Assay for the Detection of Ligation Product. Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy, 19 (1), 59-64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40291-015-0129-4