Methods of cheating and deterrents to classroom cheating: An international study
Ethics and Behavior
This study examines the methods students use to cheat on class examinations and suggests ways of deterring using an international sample from Australia, China, Ireland, and the United States. We also examine the level of cheating and reasons for cheating that prior research has highlighted as a method of demonstrating that our sample is equivalent to those in prior studies. Our results confirm the results of prior research that primarily employs students from the United States. The data indicate that actions such as having multiple versions of the examination and scrambling the questions on these versions would deter cheating. In addition, given the increased level of cheating and students' increased perception of the social acceptability of cheating in college, the data provided by our international sample also suggest that some relatively simple precautions by instructors could dramatically reduce the level of cheating on in-class examinations.
Bernardi, R., Baca, A., Landers, K., & Witek, M. (2008). Methods of cheating and deterrents to classroom cheating: An international study. Ethics and Behavior, 18 (4), 373-391. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508420701713030