Examination and comparison of the critical factors of total quality management (TQM) across countries
International Journal of Production Research
Various empirical studies have been published about the critical success factors of TQM extracted using a survey approach in a particular country or region. Several studies compared critical TQM factors across different countries, but overall there has been little attempt in the literature to analyse the TQM factors within the context of a contingency approach. Quality gurus such as Deming and Juran contend that quality management concepts are universally applicable, but this is only their personal prescriptions and must be examined empirically. This study analysed and compared 76 empirically validated TQM factors and their impact on various performance measures across countries. The findings showed that top management commitment and leadership, customer focus, information and analysis, training, supplier management, strategic planning, employee involvement, human resource management, process management, teamwork, product and service design, process control, benchmarking, continuous improvement, employee empowerment, quality assurance, social responsibility, and employee satisfaction were the most commonly extracted factors across these 76 studies.
Sila, I., & Ebrahimpour, M. (2003). Examination and comparison of the critical factors of total quality management (TQM) across countries. International Journal of Production Research, 41 (2), 235-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/0020754021000022212