Religiosity and Tax Compliance: Evidence from U.S. Counties
The intention of this paper is to analyse religiosity as a factor that potentially affects tax compliance. Studies in the 1990s have shown that the puzzle of tax compliance is ‘why so many individuals pay their taxes’ and not ‘why people evade taxes.’ It has been noted that compliance cannot be entirely explained by the level of enforcement. Countries set the levels of audit and penalty so low that most individuals would evade taxes if they were rational, because it is unlikely that cheaters will be caught and penalized. Nevertheless, a high degree of compliance is observed. Therefore, studies that analyse a variety of factors other than detection and punishment are need. Religiosity can play an important role in determining one’s tax compliance decision. We use religious adherence data from the American Religious Data Archive and measure tax compliance as a discrepancy in reported income between Internal Revenue Service and Census data to analyse independent effects of church adherence rates on tax compliance in the United States at the county level. To our knowledge, this paper is the first study that analyzes the effect of religiosity on actual tax compliance behaviour.
Hwang, S., & Nagac, K. (2021). Religiosity and Tax Compliance: Evidence from U.S. Counties. Applied Economics https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2021.1923638