Corruption via media capture: The effect of competition
Southern Economic Journal
In this article, we compare a government's optimal choice of whether to engage in corruption by capturing the media outlets through bribery in two alternative media market structures: monopoly versus duopoly. While there is an extra bribe claimant in a media duopoly relative to monopoly, it may also be harder for each firm to individually expose corruption when the rival co-opts with the government. We find that when the latter effect is stronger than the former, media is captured at lower bribes under duopoly relative to monopoly and in such instances media competition facilitates rather than hindering corruption.
Vaidya, S., & Gupta, R. (2016). Corruption via media capture: The effect of competition. Southern Economic Journal, 82 (4), 1327-1348. https://doi.org/10.1002/soej.12105