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The battlefield of the Nankou Campaign was the earliest battlefield of China’s Second World War, which covered an extensive area of about 700 km2 on the north west of Beiping at the border between Hebei and Chahar Provinces. The Nankou Campaign is recalled recently after being obscured for decades. Unfortunately, without a preservation system like the National Park Service, the sites in the battlefield, such as the Great Wall, have been left in ruins for over 70 years. A national battlefield program will be required to rescue the sites. This booklet is created as an interpretation of the history of the Nankou Campaign and its battlefield, in preparation for the exhibitions and public education once a national battlefield park is established for the Nankou Campaign.