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Abstract

Abstract

Examining online discourses concerning the recent policy shift in China from the One-Child Policy to the Two-Child Policy, this study organizes the online discussions on Zhihu.com and analyses how those posts reflect the changing gender norms in urban China. Data collected from Zhihu.com under the topic of “the second child” address family conflicts and parental concerns stimulated by the policy shift as well as worries about whether the new policy will intensify gender discrimination. Based on the data, the study comes to two conclusions: firstly, the “son preference” tradition is dwindling as generations pass on, and secondly, urban women tend to embrace the notion of gender equality and fight against tradition. Future research in this area may track the promulgation and implementation of supportive policies that are in line with the Two-Child Policy and further examine their influences on gender dynamics both in family environments and workplace of contemporary urban China.

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