Enhancing polarization maintenance and spectral filtering in negative curvature hollow-core fibers
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications
A new design of polarization-maintaining and spectral filtering negative curvature hollow-core fiber tailored for the telecommunication bands in the near-infrared region is presented. The optical fiber, consisting of a six-tube silica structure, incorporates vertically nested tubes anchored radially by a pole structure. By contrast, standard nested tubes in the horizontal direction form the asymmetric fiber structure, which encounters birefringence. This unique fiber design not only preserves the polarization states of light but also exhibits frequency selective transmission exclusively in the vertical direction due to the pole structure. Through fiber design optimization, a transmission loss below 0.1 dB/km for spectrally filtered wavelengths is achieved, with birefringence on the order of 10−5 within the wavelength range of 1.45 µm to 1.60 µm. These results demonstrate significant improvements in terms of birefringence, distinct loss separation between horizontally and vertically polarized states, and a reduced number of spectrally filtered wavelengths compared to previously reported findings. The proposed fiber design holds untapped potential for applications requiring selective transmissions with specific polarization.
Siddiqui, M., Akosman, A., & Ordu, M. (2024). Enhancing polarization maintenance and spectral filtering in negative curvature hollow-core fibers. Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications, 58 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.photonics.2023.101221