Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals
Invertebrate pathology as a discipline arose from the collaborative efforts of biologists, parasitologists, and microbiologists to investigate and understand the causes of morbidity and mortality in invertebrates of economic importance to humans, primarily those in commercial marine aquaculture. Invertebrate diseases are recognized as important biomarkers of environmental health in aquatic and terrestrial environments and as conservation concerns. Veterinary pathologists offer a unique perspective to invertebrate pathology, one that integrates identified etiologies with histopathology and disease pathogenesis. These are links often lacking in the invertebrate pathology literature. This chapter offers an introduction to important invertebrate diseases and a perspective on histopathologic findings to veterinary pathologists. It also emphasizes the need for a strong background in normal invertebrate biology and an understanding of their inflammatory and tissue reactions. As only a fraction of the recognized invertebrate diseases can be covered in a single chapter, this chapter covers only representative diseases of species in managed care and free ranging settings.
Newton, A., & Smolowitz, R. (2018). Invertebrates. Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals, 1019-1052. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-805306-5.00041-9