Minimization and maximization techniques: assessing the perceived consequences of confessing and confession diagnosticity
Psychology, Crime and Law
Identifying interrogation strategies that minimize the likelihood of obtaining false information, without compromising the ability to elicit true information, is a challenge faced by both law enforcement and scientists. Previous research suggests that minimization and maximization techniques may be perceived by a suspect as an expectation of leniency and a threat of harsher punishment, respectively, and that these approaches may be associated with false confessions. The current studies examine whether it is possible to distinguish between minimization and maximization techniques that do or do not influence a suspect's perceptions of the consequences of confessing. Results indicate that techniques that manipulate the perceived consequences of confessing influence both the decision to confess and the diagnostic value of confession evidence. © 2012 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Horgan, A., Russano, M., Meissner, C., & Evans, J. (2012). Minimization and maximization techniques: assessing the perceived consequences of confessing and confession diagnosticity. Psychology, Crime and Law, 18 (1), 65-78. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2011.561801